The International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) works in cooperation with the law enforcement bodies of its 194 country members, in order to tackle terrorist threats globally, including those stemming from terrorist use of the internet. INTERPOL has a five-year Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy that focuses on assisting country members in the prevention of terrorist activities in cyberspace. The organization collects, stores and analyzes information on suspected terrorists; groups and their activities; and shares it with member countries as well as other international organizations. INTERPOL’s team of criminal intelligence analysts provides consultancy services in member countries, as part of its capacity building programs on counter-terrorism. INTERPOL also commits to counter “cyber-enabled crimes”, which include “crimes against children, financial crimes and even terrorism”. Currently, the organization has several projects to prevent the misuse of the internet by terrorists, including the Counter-Terrorism Fusion Centre located in Greenland.
STRATEGIES, POLICIES AND LAWS
INTERPOL has conducted two advanced training courses for law enforcement personnel in Southeast Asia on countering the use of the internet for terrorist purposes.
This five-year strategy framework focuses on four regions acting as coordination zones for its activities: Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Europe. The Strategy defines five action streams where INTERPOL aims to assist member countries. One of these action streams is “Online presence: Preventing and countering the exploitation of cyberspace for terrorist purposes, by enhancing identification and detection efforts”.
INTERPOL keeps a close eye on international, national and regional strategies, programs, legal frameworks and instruments related to cybersecurity and crime in order to prepare law enforcement bodies for future challenges in cybercrime.
The Counter-Terrorism Fusion Centre works to disrupt the recruitment and activities of foreign terrorist fighters. The centre investigates the organizational hierarchies, training, financing, methods and motives of terrorist groups.
Project Trace is a 3 year (2017-2020) project funded by Global Affairs Canada that aims to gather and exploit information from online platforms, including social media, in order to tackle online terrorism through the use of cyberspace. The project specifically identifies cyber terrorism in Article VI 1.j), stating party members’ commitment to strengthen capability and readiness to deal with chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear (CBRN) terrorism, cyberterrorism and any new forms of terrorism.
The Global Complex for Innovation is a research and development facility for the identification of crimes and criminals, innovative training, operational support and partnerships. IGCI’s approach to cybersecurity is based on shared expertise and cooperation to help law enforcement identify digital risks and threats accurately and efficiently.