ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND CO-OPERATION IN EUROPE (OSCE)

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is primarily focused on strengthening cyber and information communication technologies (ICT) security by promoting confidence-building measures (CBMs) and otherwise facilitating cooperation among member states. The OSCE provides a framework for government leaders, academic researchers, and the general public to study a variety of policies, strategies, and approaches to combat terrorist use of the internet. In parallel with the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and the Bucharest Plan of Action for Combating Terrorism, the OSCE is committed to developing strategies that help reduce recruitment and support for terrorism. The OSCE also works with partner organizations at the international level, including the Council of Europe, the European Union, Europol, INTERPOL, NATO, and the United Nations.

STRATEGIES, POLICIES AND LAWS

Resolution on Preventing and Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism and Radicalization that Lead to Terrorism (2018)

Reaffirms the commitment of participating states to work together in the field of counter terrorism, particularly focusing on the radicalization and recruitment of the youth by terrorist groups and organizations.

Overview of OSCE Counter-Terrorism Related Commitments (2018)

Describes the Organization’s commitments to counter terrorism, violent extremism, and radicalization.

Decision No. 4/16 Strengthening Good Governance and Promoting Connectivity (2016)

The Ministerial Council Decision No. 4/16 encourages the facilitation of dialogue and action between governments and the private sector in combatting corruption, money laundering and financing of terrorism.

Decision No. 5/16 OSCE Efforts Related to Reducing The Risks of Conflict Stemming From the use of Information and Communication Technologies  (2016)

Emphasizes “the importance of communication at all levels of authority to reduce the risks of conflict stemming from the use of Information and Communication Technologies”. 

Decision  No. 1039 Development of Confidence-Building Measures to Reduce the Risks of Conflict Stemming from the use of Information and Communication Technologies (2012)

Describes the responsibilities of member states to “reduce the risks of misperception, escalation, and conflict” that can possibly result from the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).

Decision No 7/06: Countering the use of the internet for terrorist purposes (2006)

Decision proposed by the Ministerial Council on countering the use of the internet for terrorist purposes.

OSCE Charter on Preventing and Combating Terrorism (2002)

The Charter reaffirms OSCE participating States’ commitment to fight against terrorism. It mentions fighting terrorism in a broader sense and focuses on hate speech in the field of media and information technology.

The Bucharest Plan of Action (BPA) for combating terrorism (2001)

The BPA aims to develop a guideline to help member states fight against terrorism.

KEY INSTITUTIONS

Conflict Prevention Centre (CPC)

The CPC provides policy advice, support, and analysis to the Secretary General, Chairmanship, member States, and field operation, while also assisting the Forum for Security Co-operation.

Forum for Security Co-operation

The Forum for Security Co-operation is one of OSCE’s two main decision-making bodies. The Forum meets on a weekly basis to discuss security concerns and ways to enable cooperation between member states.

Ministerial Council

The Ministerial Council consists of Foreign Ministers of member states, and is the highest decision making body within the OSCE.

OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR)

The Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights is the principal institution of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe dealing with the “human dimension” of security. 

OSCE Parliamentary Assembly

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly is the main body where member states debate different ideas and policies related to cyberterrorism and the use of the internet for terrorist purposes. 

OSCE Permanent Council

Based in Vienna, the Permanent Council is the body for regular political consultation and decision-making on all issues pertinent to the OSCE.

OSCE Secretariat

The Secretariat provides operational support for the OSCE. Additionally, it supplies expert analysis and enacts projects in the field.

Transnational Threats Department Action against Terrorism Unit

The Transnational Threats Department’s mission is to establish communication and cooperation in addressing key issues, as well as making maximal use of the available resources.

SECONDARY SOURCES

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